Why isn’t the MonkeyPix virus like Kovid-19?

According to the WHO, the virus can be spread by touching or sharing infected items such as clothing and bedding, or by shortness of breath produced by sneezing or coughing.

This may sound familiar because in the early days of the epidemic many experts said that the coronavirus was transmitted to humans from very few people outside of respiratory tract and contaminated surfaces. Subsequent studies have shown that coronaviruses can spread through many small particles called aerosols with the ability to travel more than six feet. But that doesn’t mean it’s true of the monkeypox virus, says Louis Seagal, a poxvirus expert at Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia. Coronavirus is a tiny, single-stranded RNA virus that has contributed to its ability to carry air. The monkeypox virus, however, is made up of double-stranded DNA, which means the virus itself is much larger and heavier and unable to go that far, Dr. Seagal said.

Other routes of monkeypox infection include intimate contact with the mother through the placenta during or after birth.

Most cases this year have been among young men, many of whom have identified themselves as men who have sex with men, although experts suggest that the monkeypox infection may be transmitted through semen or other bodily fluids during sex. Instead, contact with infected wounds during sex may be a more reasonable way. “It’s not a homosexual disease, because some people have tried to label it on social media,” he said. Andy Seal, an adviser to the WHO’s HIV, Hepatitis and STI Program, said in a question-and-answer session on Monday. “Anyone can become infected with monkeypox through close contact.”

Monkeypox is part of the same family of viruses as smallpox, but according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention it is usually a much milder condition. On average, symptoms appear within six to 13 days of onset, but can take up to three weeks. People who get sick usually experience fever, headache, back and muscle pain, swollen lymph nodes and general fatigue.

About one to three days after the onset of the fever, most people develop a painful rash that is characteristic of the poxvirus. It starts with flattened red spots which grow in the next five to seven days and become pus-filled. The rash may start on the patient’s face, hands, feet, inside their mouth or in their genitals and may spread to the rest of the body. (Although chickenpox causes similar rashes, it is not a true poxvirus, but is caused by the unrelated varicella-zoster virus).

Angela said that if a person’s pustules become scabbed within two to four weeks, they are no longer contagious. Rasmussen, a virologist at the Institute for Vaccines and Infectious Diseases, University of Saskatchewan, Canada.

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